In his discussion of primitive accumulation and the enclosure movement, Marx addresses the role of state power in expropriating peasants of their land. It is a story of consolidation of power by landowners with the help of the state, and was supported by political phi The English enclosure movement, which started in the fifteenth century and went on until the nineteenth, was a process of fencing off common land and turning it into private property. The more famous critic of capitalism is of course Karl Marx, who predicted its collapse from internal contradictions. But it has also been a cause celebre for the political left ever since Karl Marx argued that enclosures created the industrialised working class and ushered in the capitalist society. The enclosure movement changed agriculture in England by forcing small farmers to give up farming, move to cities, or become tenant farmers. Federici also looks at the role of the state, highlighting two ways that it was involved in women’s defeat. in Marx’s time this was a characteristic of the proletarianization of the British peasantry and craftsmen. 461: Marx poses a question: How did capital get accumulated in the first place? In his discussion of primitive accumulation and the enclosure movement, Marx addresses the role of state power in expropriating peasants of their land. Marx argued that the progress of machine industry run by the capitalists would slowly drive the small operators out of business, leading to poverty in the lower bourgeoisie and the working class. The enclosure movement, crop rotation, and the agricultural technology increased agricultural yields, which led to increased population and forced small farmers to become tenant farmers or move to the cities. But a century after Marx wrote, at the apex of the post–World War II boom in both Europe and the United States, a contented bourgeoisie was huge and growing. Federici also looks at the role of the state, highlighting two ways that it was involved in women’s defeat. the enclosure movement, primitive accumulation and the expansion of capitalism means more and more people become industrial producers and consumers. What really happened during the era of 18th and 19th century enclosures? The story of the enclosure movement is a well-known argument about how a rural population was forced into urban wage labor. Here we get the story that Marx referred to briefly in Value, Price, and Profit: where the proletariat came from. The expropriation of the agricultural population from common lands created what Marx suggestively calls “a class of outlawed proletarians”. 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