According to one account in the Talmud, a Roman Emperor referred to only as Antoninus converted to Judaism. Nero said, "He desires to lay waste his House and to lay the blame on me." Did the inhabitants of Shechem convert to Judaism? In the year 66 began that heroic war which ended with the destruction of the Second Temple and of the national existence of the Jews. When the master of the house noticed him he angrily ordered him to leave. He theorizes that not only does this passage deal with the obvious destruction of Jerusalem, but with the Rabbinic Authority. 31 it is related that three days after the prediction made by Johanan ben Zakkai to Vespasian that the latter would become emperor the news of Nero's death reached the Roman army besieging Jerusalem. Poppæa, like many members of prominent Roman families, inclined to Judaism, and her last wish, that she might be buried according to Jewish customs, was granted by Nero. R. i. When they refused the order of Procurator Festus to tear down this wall, the case was brought before Nero, who, influenced by his second wife, Poppæa, decided in favor of the people. Along with the Jewish actor Alityros, a friend of Poppaea’s and a favourite of Nero’s court, Poppaea again managed to intercede, convincing her husband to secure their freedom. He said: The Holy One, blessed be He, desires to lay waste his House and to lay the blame on me. Nero said, "He desires to lay waste His House and to lay the blame on me," whereupon he fled and converted to Judaism to avoid such retribution. What environmental conditions would result in Crude oil being far easier to access than coal? His reign saw the decline of the authority of the procurators in Judea and the outbreak of the Jewish War. Nero acts by not destroying Jerusalem by fleeing and converting to Judaism, thereby avoiding the clutches of the emperor, demonstrating his faith in the God of Israel and siding with the ultimate victor. Favorite Answer Roman sources nowhere report Nero's alleged conversion to Judaism, a religion considered by the Romans as extremely barbaric … To Nero… Indeed, some pretenders availed themselves of this legend and claimed to be Nero. Like the sages, Nero displays caution by soliciting an oracle that his imperial commission to attack Jerusalem meets divine approval (the four arrows falling towards Jerusalem). Best answer contest: Fourth quarter of 5779. does one have to take a Midrash/Aggadah literally? Does this indicate that Nero converted to Judaism since he ran away from destroying Jerusalem "and became a proselyte"? A Jewish actor, Alityros (Aliturus), lived at his court (Josephus, "Vita," § 3). 21, 63, 74, 91, 108. If you are converting to Orthodox Judaism, you will be required to move near a synagogue and maybe into an Orthodox Jewish community. The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Systems of Transliteration Citation of Proper Names. Nero reigned during a critical period in the relations between the Jews of Judea and imperial Rome. According to Tacitus, Nero needed someone to blame for a fire which burned six days. How would a theoretically perfect language work? To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. ): "And I shall take my revenge on Edom through My people Israel; and they shall do unto Edom according to My anger and My wrath," on hearing which Nero said: "God wishes to wipe His hands [lay the blame] on me" (i.e., "wishes to make me His tool and then to punish me"). However, then we would have a Vice President Pense, who is a Zionist “Christian” Fundamentalist as our President, which is tantamount to the same thing as a Jew. And even though the Jewish people have a religion called Judaism, and even though acceptance of Judaism is a prerequisite for kosher conversion, nevertheless, love of Judaism, which includes love of Torah and mitzvoth, is not a reason to convert. Gruen, Diaspora, 17. He said to a certain boy: Repeat to me [the last] verse of Scripture you have learnt. This is the essence of my question. You asume that you already know this, and after this premise you ask a question. Mi Yodeya is a question and answer site for those who base their lives on Jewish law and tradition and anyone interested in learning more. So were Rabbis Akiva, Meir, and many others. In the Gittin tractate, folio 56a (focusing on the destruction of Jerusalem), it briefly mentions Nero: "He [the Emperor] sent against them Nero the Caesar. ; died near Rome in 68. He seems to have had no personal enmity against the Jews. When, however, he received the news of the defeat of Cestius, he took immediate steps to crush the rebellion, and appointed Flavius Vespasian commander-in-chief. In Lam. Conversion to Judaism has a few components, which are undertaken under the supervision of an established beit din: Accepting the yoke of the commandments. Powerful tail swipe with as little muscle as possible. I came across a possible explanation as to why the rabbis would insert this brief tid bit about Nero converting to Judaism into the narrative (if it wasn't factual -- if there are sources supporting that his conversion was factual, please do list -- that would be interesting)! How can I request an ISP to disclose their customer's identity? "While I recognize that this is probably fictional and folklore" is it really a question. The story moves thusly: Nero, cowed upon seeing the works of the one G-d, King of the Universe, hallowed be his name, chose to convert to our own religion rather than face the wrath of the Lord in the year 3826 (66 by the count of this new Christian calendar which hath suddenly gained so much popular acclaim). 3) Our Jewish version that Nero converts could be a way of saying, instead of Nero falling by the sword, he will come to recognize Hashem. It involves many lifestyle changes and about a year of studying. During the procuratorship of Festus a dispute arose between the population of Jerusalem and Agrippa II., who in his Hasmonean palace built a dining-hall which overlooked the courts of the Temple. He then shot one towards the west, and it again fell in Jerusalem. I would be interested to know what other interpretations are out there (and if there are supporting evidences for Nero's conversion). Nero, influenced by his secretary Burrus, who had been bribed by the Greeks, gave a verdict against the Jews and deprived them of their civil rights. Ovadiah, the Prophet was a convert. Conversion to practically every other religion remains considerably easier than conversion to Judaism. Is it kidnapping if I steal a car that happens to have a baby in it? The following legendary account, showing the cause of the destruction of Jerusalem, is given inthe Babylonian Talmud (Giṭ. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. He did not live to enjoy the victories of his general; for, driven to despair by the uprising in Gallia, where the army had proclaimed Galba emperor, and forsaken by his Pretorian guard, he ended his life by suicide. The emperor, insulted by this refusal, and taking it as a sign of rebellion, deputed Vespasian to wreak vengeance on the Jews. This is because Orthodox Jews do not drive on the Sabbath, and need to be within walking distance of a house of prayer. Becoming a Jew is not just a religious change: the … I want to say you that if Nero really converted, I am sure 100% that in history books of christians they refuted to reveal this. He said: And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel. He saw to it that assistance was provided to cities that had suffered disaster and, at the request of the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, gave aid to the Jews. This Talmudical story seems to be an echo of the legend that Nero was still alive and would return to reign. Do you believe in … It is because of the incidence of insincere and/or improper conversions over Jewish history that the rabbis have been consistent in their scrupulous examination of … What purpose does it serve? 155) assumed the Jewish … Roman emperor; born at Antium Dec. 15, 37 C.E. In order to hide the Temple from this profaning view, the Jews erected a high wall on its western side. Do conductors scores ("partitur") ever differ greatly from the full score? HIST ORY OF JEWISH CONVERSION David Aberbach, Professor of Jewish studies, McGill University, Montreal. The conversion is to the people, not to the religion. Nero also inaugurated competitions in poetry, in the theatre, and in athletics as counterattractions to gladiatorial combats. Presently – Converting to Judaism “Online” just might be the only way to convert to Judaism. The Midrash takes pride in legends that famous Romans such as Nero converted to Judaism. An Infamous Conversion: According to the Talmud, Roman Emporer Nero fled Rome and converted to Judaism. Can anti-radiation missiles be used to target stealth fighter aircraft? Some say it … why is user 'nobody' listed as a user on my iMAC? He fled and became a convert to Judaism; and from him Rabbi Meïr was descended. The exact date of Simon Maccabeus’s embassy is debated. Footnote 72 But rather than being a convert to Judaism, Poppaea, like certain other non-Jewish intellectuals, was probably interested in Jewish philosophy and would therefore have been sympathetic to the Jewish point of view, especially regarding Christians, who were hated by mainstream Jews. In vain Bar Ḳamẓa requested the host not to put him to shame before so many people, and offered to pay for his meal, then a half and finally all of the expenses of the banquet. Because the different movements have such different visions of what constitutes a “good Jew,” the requirements for conversion can vary significantly among them. Why did flying boats in the '30s and '40s have a longer range than land based aircraft? Being constantly exposed to evil ways and not having a community to support Noahism (don't know how better describe it) is … After a long discussion as to whether this constituted a bodily defect, the Jews rejected the sacrifice. President Trump announced that he will follow in his beautiful daughter’s footsteps and convert to Orthodox Judaism. Whether the fire was started by Christians, Nero, or something else, is not really known. But non-Jews are not. He shot towards all four points of the compass, and each time it fell in Jerusalem. In Jeffrey Rubenstein's "Talmudic Stories: Narrative Art, Composition, and Culture," he dedicates an entire chapter to Gittin 55b-56b. While I recognize that this is probably fictional and folklore, why would the rabbinical scribes even insert this portion in the text? He sought additional confirmation – by consulting the child and having him rehearse a scripture, which details the destruction of Jerusalem. Latin voice denotations in Renaissance vocal music. Can someone convert to “Messianic Judaism”? site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Rubenstein posits that Nero's presence is to serve as a stark contrast to the sages. xxv. Nero, like the sages, faces a difficult decision (the rabbis had previously faced a difficult decision on how to react to a host treating an unwanted guest at a banquet as well as how to handle the emperor's blemished calf he personally offered). Throughout the passage, we see how the sages' inability to decide due to being too cautious leads to destruction. That Poppaea Sabina had some predilection for the Jews is clear. Henderson, Life of Nero, passim, London, 1903; Vogelstein and Rieger, Gesch. Vespasian was then dispatched to put down the rebellion. 2) Amazing how in Arabic culture, they share many Jewish outlooks on the world - in this case, the concept of Rome/injustice and his fall, and mostly how we are battling Rome. The emperor sent a heifer, in whose lips (or, according to other reports, eyelids) Bar Ḳamẓa made an incision in order to render the animal unfit for sacrifice. How is the seniority of Senators decided when most factors are tied? Indignant at this insult, Bar Ḳamẓa told the emperor that the Jews planned a rebellion, and advised him to test their loyalty by sending a sacrifice which should be offered in the Temple in his behalf. 14 (Hebr. After his accession to the throne (54) he showed many favors to the Herodian family: he bestowed the kingdom of Lesser Armenia upon Aristobulus, son of Herod of Chalcis, and added four important cities (among which were Tiberias and Tarichea in Galilee) with their surrounding districts to the dominions of Agrippa II. How were four wires replaced with two wires in early telephone? Why the Jerusalem Talmud is not mentioned in the Bavli? Nero said, "He desires to lay waste His House and to lay the blame on me," whereupon he fled and converted to Judaism to avoid such retribution. A convert who becomes Jewish but is not observant of Jewish law and ritual, is in far worse spiritual condition. A Jewish legend has him converting and becoming the ancestor of one of the great figures of rabbinic Judaism; even Christian stories have him listening respectfully to the teachings of Christ; at least three False Neros appeared As he was coming he shot an arrow towards the east, and it fell in Jerusalem. Indeed, some pretenders availed themselves of this legend and claimed to be Nero. Why is the Rif's digest of tractate Niddah hidden in tractate Shevuos? Furthermore, R. Meir is considered to be one of his star descendants. Converting to Judaism is not easy. His original name was Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus, but on being adopted by the emperor Claudius he was called Nero Claudius Cæsar Drusus Germanicus. Home › Forums › Bais Medrash › Nero's Conversion to Judaism This topic has 10 replies, 6 voices, and was last updated 5 years, 3 months ago by GoGoGo. Many liberal rabbis will perform a conversion for the sake of an upcoming m… The Talmud adds that the sage Reb Meir Baal HaNess, a prominent supporter of the Bar Kokhba rebellion against Roman rule, was a descendant of Nero. By mistake the messenger invited his enemy Bar Ḳamẓa, who took his place among the guests. When Nero arrived in Palestine, he shot arrows in the direction of the four principal points of the compass; but all of them flew toward Jerusalem. Augustine writes precisely of the living, popular belief that Nero would one day be revealed and restored to his kingdom. He fled and became a convert to Judaism and from him Rabbi Meï r was descended. Nissim Baruch Black (born Damian Jamohl Black), American rapper and music producer, raised Muslim but converted to Christianity before converting to Judaism Avraham Sinai , Lebanese member of Hezbollah who had an Orthodox conversion and lives as a Haredi Jew in Tsfat [88] Even if you are not doing an Orthodox Jewish conversion, you will need a Jewish community. A Neronian coin ("Neronit") is mentioned in B. M. 25b, and a "sela' Neronit" in Bek. Nero – the Roman – the pagan, the goy – does... Nero’s courage produces a rabbinic authority and the proliferation of Torah; rabbinic cowardice leads to the destruction of Jerusalem.". This Talmudical story seems to be an echo of the legend that Nero was still alive and would return to reign. I found stock certificates for Disney and Sony that were given to me in 2011. Who must be present at the Presidential Inauguration? A traditional beit din, for example, expects a conversion to be based entirely upon the desire to become a Jew, whereas the liberal movements permit more latitude in a candidate’s initial motivation. 55b-56a): An inhabitant of Jerusalem sent a messenger to invite his friend Ḳamẓa to dinner. The sum of two well-ordered subsets is well-ordered. He fled and became a convert to Judaism; and from him Rabbi Meïr was descended. I want someone to explain to me either way! Indeed, some pretenders availed themselves of this legend and claimed to be Nero. This is an unprecedented move for … How. When pressed to act by the emperor, they do not seek omens, or inquire of children, or turn to the text themselves. Vespasian was then dispatched to put down the rebellion. Essentially, according to Rubenstein, the Nero scene is an ironic "slap-in-the-face" to the sages, who failed to act, because even the wicked pagan Nero knew to seek counsel from a higher being, etc. Would coating a space ship in liquid nitrogen mask its thermal signature? This Talmudical story seems to be an echo of the legend that Nero was still alive and would return to reign. When in the year 60 fierce rioting broke out between the Jews and the Greeks in Cæsarea, the seat of the Roman procurators, both parties sent representatives to Rome. Still the discontent among the Jews of Palestine continued owing to the arbitrary action of the procurators Felix, Festus, Albinus, and Gessius Florus, who by their exactions drove the Jews into open revolt. No, I don't know this! Why no halachos in the Babylonian Talmud like in the Jerusalem Talmud? He practiced Machiavellian rules 1,400 years before Machiavelli wrote them. So he ran away and became a proselyte, and R. Meir was descended from him.". When you convert, you must verbalize your commitment to live in accordance with all of the Torah ’s commandments as they are explained in Torah … der Juden in Rom, i. 12. In my opinion, secretly converting to Judaism and hiding it from the American People would be “high crimes and misdemeanors” for which he should be impeached and forced to resign. How to draw on a tikz picture without shifting it. Nero burns Rome and blames it on the Christians. NERO°, Roman emperor, 54–68 C.E. Emperor Nero was one of the most diabolical of Rome’s Twelve Caesars. Understand that, like any religious conversion, converting to Judaism is a big step. rev 2021.1.20.38359, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Like any library, Mi Yodeya offers tons of great information, but, Mi Yodeya works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. Nero fled to Rome and converted to Judaism to avoid such retribution. The emperor continued his journey through Greece, where he courted public applause by appearing in the arena as singer, player, and charioteer. The conversion was the result of either a vision or a dream in which Christ directed him to fight under Christian standards, and his victory apparently assured Constantine in his faith in a new god. The host ejected him, and the other guests did not interfere in his behalf. Even per the account in the Talmud, if he did so, it was in secret. In Christian legends Nero was personified as Antichrist. It only takes a minute to sign up. Although converting to any religion is not easy, altogether it takes time and commitment. He used the absolute power he possessed to preserve himself at all costs. What has Mordenkainen done to maintain the balance? Layover/Transit in Japan Narita Airport during Covid-19. Gruen assigns a date of 142, others 139. T he unprecedented growth of Islam in the West, despite prejudice and hatred, contrasts with the demographic stagnation of the Jewish people - several million fewer now than in 1939. 37b, 38a, and Kelim xvii. Philo (Leg. Were there any other religions before Judaism that their followers should convert to Judaism? In vain Cestius Gallus, the governor of Syria, informed Nero of the dangerous state of affairs in Palestine. Our online course is specifically designed to meet the basic requirements of converting to Judaism. My issue for not converting to Judaism and become Jewish is that the practices of all other nations keep one very close to maintaining old habits and ease of developing new bad habits. Vespasian was then … Nero acts by not destroying Jerusalem by fleeing and converting to Judaism, thereby avoiding the clutches of the emperor, demonstrating his faith in the God of Israel and siding with the ultimate victor. Why does Nero convert to Judaism in folio 56a in tractate Gittin in the Babylon Talmud? Nero became terrified, believing that God wanted the Second Temple to be destroyed, but that he would punish the one to carry it out. Oracles prophesying Nero's return from beyond the Euphrates were current among the Jews; and an apocryphal book of the second century, Ascension of Isaiah, declares that in the last days "Belial shall appear in the form of a man, of the king of unrighteousness, of the matricide." Yonatan Langer Just a few years ago he used to celebrate Hitler's birthday, but today he celebrates the Jewish holidays and puts on tefillin every morning. Now this is Rubenstein's interpretation. Both sides of the debate can point to precedents in the Talmud. A boy whom he asked to recite his Biblical lesson (a usual form of oracle) quoted Ezek. Forsooth! It is here that Rubenstein explains this antedote: "The strange/nonhistorical account functions as an ironic foil with which to compare the behavior of the sages. The Jews of Rome were well treated under his government.

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