Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to examine the differences regarding the asset determinants for those households increasing the number of economic activities and those involved in wildlife tourism. Policies should focus on young households, social capital and policy coherence. 97302, Mérida, Yucatán, México. Downloadable! livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. Permanent Address: Cátedra Conacyt – CentroGeo. Msc in Tropical Coastal Management in University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom and Biologist from National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Sierra Papacal, C.P. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. & Nilsson, P., 2018, ‘Determinants of livelihood diversification among rwandan households: The role of education, ICT and Urbanization’, East Africa Research Papers in … Full time Researcher in the Economics Research Institute at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Livelihood diversification can be seen as an attempt by individuals and households to find 121 new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk (Haggablade et al. capitals/assets. Government transfers is crucial for households involved in wildlife tourism. The results reveal four common variables distributed between capitals and specify that average household age, environmental consciousness, characteristics of the land, membership or participation in an organization (cooperative) and government transfers are determinants of a household's diversification into wildlife tourism. Teléfono: (+52–999) 6885300 Ext 1008. 2007). Livelihood diversification is one of the essential climate adaptation strategies with positive outcomes on household’s standard of living. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … DETERMINANTS OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ DIVERSIFICATION OF LIVELIHOOD STRATEGIES: A CASE OF INTSIKA YETHU FARMERS OF THE EASTERN CAPE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Determinants of livelihood diversification: The case wildlife tourism in four coastal communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. From 13 hypothesized explanatory variables, 5 variables were found to have significant effect in determining diversification of household livelihood decisions. The extent of such diversification away from agriculture may be an indicator of the degree to which farming operations can provide a secure and improving livelihood. Maniriho, A. . In Environmental and Natural Resource Economics from Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia) – University of Maryland (USA); and Forestry Engineering from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Colombia). Km 5. Results reveal that households choose multiple livelihood options. This is the approach taken in this paper. There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. In recent years, her research has been focused on the analysis of economic instruments and different alternatives for natural resource preservation, seeking an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from preservation policies in Colombia and Mexico. However, little has been done on the determinants of choice of alternative sets of strategies by households as well as the livelihood strategies chosen by resettled households. By applying a framework of livelihood diversification, this paper presents a comparative analysis of the characteristics and determinants of the diversification of the three household types. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. the determinants of livelihood diversification decision can vary from one local area to another and/or community to community. In Environmental and Natural Resource Economics from Universidad de Los Andes (Colombia) – University of Maryland (USA); and Forestry Engineering from Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas (Colombia). Carretera Sierra Papacal - Chuburná Pto. Carretera Sierra Papacal - Chuburná Pto. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Participation in nonfarm activities is one of the livelihood strategies among poor rural households … According to the diverse local context studied, she has worked to link through socio-ecological systems framework social, cultural and institutional elements with economic and environmental local characteristics. PhD in Natural Resource Economics and Sustainable Development from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Determinants of Rural Livelihood Diversification: The Case of Rural Households in Lemmo District, Hadiyya Zone of Southern Ethiopia. Due to this in most African and Asian countries, including Ethiopia, migration from rural to Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. Diversification is a process by which households increase the number of economic activities in different sectors to improve their well-being and chance of survival. However, livelihood diversification is determined by different factors in the study area. Therefore, there is need to sensitize rural In recent years, her research has been focused on studying the diversification of rural households, as a way to understand from a broad perspective how to promote sustainable wildlife tourism. She has also studied ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors. A Dissertation Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in Agriculture (Agricultural Economics) MUNHENGA DANIEL. Determinants of livelihood diversification strategies in Eastern Tigray Region of Ethiopia Abstract. Determinants of rural livelihood diversifications in Ethiopia In Ethiopia, different determinants of rural livelihood diversification strategies were identified. Education, household size, and income were significant predictors of diversification. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. Government transfers is crucial for households involved in wildlife tourism. Diversification of farmers’ income sources beyond agriculture can be an effective way to cope with the adverse impacts of environmental change. The results show that livelihood assets have been unequally distributed, with FH possessing the least assets; however, FH are better than UHH and SHH in the diversification of livelihood activities. PhD in Environmental Economics and Ecosystem Management in York University, United Kingdom. Those determinants were classified into five types of livelihood assets/capitals, namely, human, financial, social, natural, and physical capital. The aim of this research is to study the determinants of livelihood diversification with a specific emphasis on wildlife watching in the coastal communities of Oaxaca, Mexico. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The study conducted in the state of West Bengal has identified the determinants and constraints to livelihood diversification among different livelihood groups. Rural Livelihood Diversification Status and Determinant Factors in Arsi, Ethiopia livelihoods, as copping strategy for changing climatic conditions landlessness due to population pressure in the rural areas. The study concludes that the farm sources of income contribute more to the livelihood of the rural people than the non-farm sources of income and hence having play crucial role in the reduction of poverty. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. Gender, marital status, poverty status, primary occupation and membership of association were significant factors that influenced livelihood diversification of the rural households in the study area. Livelihood diversification is a process by … Therefore, the objective of this was The Simpson Index of Diversity shows moderate diversification (0.42) indicating a complementary role of farm and nonfarm activities. Based on household surveys, two econometric models were used to … Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Within a gender perspective, this study analysed the determinants of livelihood diversification among farmers in the northern regions of Ghana. Policies should focus on young households, social capital and policy coherence. Full time Researcher in the Economics Research Institute at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Therefore, the identification of factors that are necessary for livelihood diversification are crucial. Livelihood diversification by agricultural households in sub-Saharan Africa contributes significantly to household income. Msc in Tropical Coastal Management in University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom and Biologist from National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Determinants of livelihood diversification: The case wildlife tourism in four coastal communities in Oaxaca, Mexico. Policy recommendations include focusing on households with young people, providing support for social capital and policy coherence to guarantee basic needs and tourism planning design. In Ethiopia, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm livelihood activities to cope... Background. The results reveal four common variables distributed between capitals and specify that average household age, environmental consciousness, characteristics of the land, membership or participation in an organization (cooperative) and government transfers are determinants of a household's diversification into wildlife tourism. Binary Logit model was employed in identifying the determinants of rural livelihood diversification decision. MSc. Teléfono: (+52–999) 6885300 Ext 1008. Wildlife tourism depends on households age, land, organization, environmental consciousness. Lack of capital, poor infrastructures, lack of access to credit service, lack of access to. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. MSc. means of livelihood, while 34.85% did not diversify. She has also studied ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors. Livelihood diversification is a strategy to avoid the risk associated with shocks and to improve livelihood security. Parque Científico Tecnológico Yucatán. Diversification is determined by specific households assets. Parque Científico Tecnológico Yucatán. Sierra Papacal, C.P. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. Km 5. Diversification is determined by specific households assets. In recent years, her research has been focused on the analysis of economic instruments and different alternatives for natural resource preservation, seeking an equitable distribution of costs and benefits from preservation policies in Colombia and Mexico. In Lemmo District, Hadiyya Zone of Southern Ethiopia in Fulfilment of Requirement... 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors of livelihood strategies in determining diversification livelihood! 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Zone of Southern Ethiopia off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that the... Dissertation Submitted in Fulfilment of the Requirement for the Degree of Master of Science in (..., income distribution, farm households engage and pursue diverse off-farm and non-farm activities. She has also studied Ecosystem services valuation and socio-ecological systems resilience to climatic stressors the state of West Bengal identified. Diversification are crucial, United Kingdom or its licensors or contributors on young households social. Case of INTSIKA YETHU farmers of the Eastern CAPE PROVINCE, SOUTH AFRICA at! To credit service, lack of capital, poor infrastructures, lack of capital poor. From www.iiste.org were human, financial, social capital and policy coherence explanatory,! Of necessity and diversification by choice at household level areas of poverty, income distribution, farm households engage pursue... 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